- What is cancer?
- What are the types of cancer?
- What are the symptoms of cancer?
- What are the causes of cancer?
- How is cancer diagnosed?
- How is cancer treated?
- What is the prognosis for cancer patients?
- What are the financial assistance options for cancer patients in the Philippines?
- What are the non-financial assistance options for cancer patients in the Philippines?
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Cancer is a leading cause of death in the Philippines, with around 27,000 deaths per year. Treatment can be expensive, and many patients cannot afford it. The Philippine government offers some assistance to cancer patients through the PhilHealth program, but coverage is limited and many patients are still unable to pay for treatment.
There are a number of private organizations that offer financial assistance to cancer patients in the Philippines. These organizations provide funding for treatment, transportation, and other costs associated with cancer care. Some of these organizations also provide support services such as counseling and emotional support.
What is cancer?
Cancer is not just one disease but a large group of almost 100 diseases. Its two main characteristics are uncontrolled growth of the cells in the human body and the ability of these cells to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Cancer is caused by changes (mutations) to the DNA within cells. The DNA inside a cell is packaged into a large number of individual genes, each of which contains a set of instructions telling the cell what functions to perform, as well as how to grow and divide. Errors in the instructions can cause the cell to stop its normal function and may allow a cell to become cancerous.
Cancer-causing errors can be inherited from our parents or acquired during a person’s lifetime. The vast majority of cancers are not inherited; instead, they result from DNA changes that happen as we age or as a result of environmental exposures, such as tobacco smoke, UV radiation from sunlight, ionizing radiation, certain chemicals, and viruses. Some acquired DNA changes occur randomly for no apparent reason.
What are the types of cancer?
There are more than 100 different types of cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, the four most common types of cancer are:
-Lung and bronchus cancer
Other common types of cancer include:
-Skin cancer (melanoma)
What are the symptoms of cancer?
There are many different types of cancer, and symptoms will vary depending on the type, location, and stage of the disease. However, there are some general signs and symptoms that may indicate cancer, such as:
-Unexplained weight loss
-Lumps or masses in the body
-Changes in bowel or urinary habits
-Persistent cough or trouble breathing
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor for a diagnosis as soon as possible.
What are the causes of cancer?
There are many different causes of cancer, but there are some common risk factors that can increase a person’s chances of developing the disease. These include:
-Tobacco use: Smoking is the leading cause of cancer, and tobacco use is also linked to other cancers, such as lung, throat, and mouth cancer.
-Exposure to UV rays: Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun or tanning beds can increase the risk of developing skin cancer.
-Unhealthy diet: A diet that is high in fat and low in fruits and vegetables can increase the risk of developing cancer.
-Obesity: Being obese or overweight can increase the risk of developing several types of cancer, including breast, ovarian, and colorectal cancer.
-Certain infections: Some infections, such as Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), can increase the risk of developing cancer.
-Family history: People with a family history of cancer are more likely to develop the disease themselves.
How is cancer diagnosed?
There are several ways that cancer can be diagnosed. A doctor may order one or more of the following tests:
-Blood tests. These tests can check for certain signs of cancer. For example, they can look for high levels of certain substances that are often produced by cancer cells.
-Imaging tests. These tests take pictures of the inside of your body. They can be used to look for tumors.
-Biopsy. This is a test in which a doctor removes a small piece of tissue from the body and then looks at it under a microscope. A biopsy is the only way to definitively diagnose cancer.
How is cancer treated?
There are different types of cancer treatment. The kind of treatment that a person with cancer needs depends on the type of cancer and how far it has spread. People with cancer usually have more than one kind of treatment. Most people with cancer will have surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy.
What is the prognosis for cancer patients?
The prognosis for cancer patients in the Philippines can be quite poor. According to the National Cancer Institute, the five-year survival rate for all cancers combined is only about 30%. However, this figure varies widely depending on the type of cancer. For example, the five-year survival rate for leukemia is only about 20%, while the rate for breast cancer is about 85%.
What are the financial assistance options for cancer patients in the Philippines?
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the Philippines, with over 10,000 new cases diagnosed every year. Treatment can be very expensive, especially for those without health insurance and can cause financial hardship for patients and their families.
There are a number of government and private organizations that provide financial assistance to cancer patients in the Philippines. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) provides cash assistance to indigent patients through its Indigent Patient Assistance Program (IPAP). The Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office (PCSO) also provides financial assistance for cancer treatment, as well asfor other medical conditions.
Private organizations such as the Cancer Warriors Foundation and the St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital also provide financial assistance to cancer patients in the Philippines. These organizations typically provide funding for specific treatments or medications that are not covered by health insurance or government programs.
Cancer patients in the Philippines may also be eligible for discounts on medication and treatment through the Philippine health insurance Corporation (PhilHealth). PhilHealth is a government-run health insurance program that provides coverage for cancer treatment, as well as for other medical conditions. Patients can get in touch with PhilHealth to learn more about their coverage options.
What are the non-financial assistance options for cancer patients in the Philippines?
In addition to government financial assistance, there are several non-financial assistance options available for cancer patients in the Philippines. These include:
· Cancer treatment subsidy programs – these programs provide financial assistance to cover the cost of cancer treatment, including medication, surgery, and other related expenses.
· Cancer support groups – these groups provide emotional and practical support to cancer patients and their families. They may also offer financial assistance for treatment and other related expenses.
· Cancer patient organizations – these organizations offer information and support to cancer patients and their families. They may also offer financial assistance for treatment and other related expenses.